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Array BioPharma Reports Initial Results From Novel Immunotherapy Combination At The Society For Immunotherapy Of Cancer (SITC) 32nd Annual Meeting
"We are pleased to announce completion of the Phase 1b clinical study of ARRY-382 in combination with KEYTRUDA. In addition to establishing an appropriate Phase 2 dose for the combination, we are encouraged by the early signs of activity in patients with tumor types that have been historically unresponsive to anti-PD1 therapies," said Ron Squarer, Chief Executive Officer,
In the Phase 1b dose escalation trial, the recommended Phase 2 dose of ARRY-382 was determined to be 300 mg daily in combination with KEYTRUDA 2 mg/kg given intravenously every 3 weeks.
Nineteen patients, with a median of two prior lines of therapy and 42% with ≥3 prior regimens, were treated in the study. Patients with pancreatic (n=6), colorectal (n=5), ovarian (n=3), gastric and melanoma (n=2, each), and triple negative breast cancer (n=1) were enrolled. Investigators noted that ARRY-382 had a manageable safety profile when administered with KEYTRUDA in this study, and the most common grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) (>10%), regardless of causality, included increased AST, increased blood creatine kinase (CK), rash, increased lipase, increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP), increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and anemia.
The combination of ARRY-382 and KEYTRUDA demonstrated early signs of activity, with 11% (n=2) of patients achieving a confirmed partial response, based on RECIST version 1.1 guidelines The first responder, who was treated with ARRY-382 at 200 mg, had Stage III pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. As of the data cut-off, this patient was on study treatment in cycle 14 (42 weeks). The second responder, who was treated with ARRY-382 at 300 mg, had stage IV ovarian cancer with liver metastasis. As of the data cut-off, this patient was on study treatment in cycle 8 (24 weeks).
The current trial was designed to enroll Phase 2 cohorts in both melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer patients, and now Array plans to expand the study to include other patient populations, including a cohort of pancreatic cancer patients. The Phase 2 portion of the study is currently active and enrolling patients.
About CSF1R and ARRY-382
Colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) is a cell-surface receptor for its ligands, colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF1) and IL-34.[1, 2] CSF1R is thought to play an important role as regulator of the development, morphology, survival, and functions of tissue macrophages as well as tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). TAMs play a role in modulating anti-tumor adaptive immunity and CSF1 is believed to be a driver of TAM differentiation towards an immunosuppressive tumor promoting phenotype. Increased CSF1 expression is implicated in tumor progression and metastasis, and is associated with poor prognosis in some cancers. Combining a PD-1 inhibitor with a CSF1R inhibitor in preclinical models shows enhanced antitumor activity. ARRY-382 is a highly selective, oral inhibitor of CSF1R.
1. Pixley FJ, Stanley ER. Trends Cell Biol. 2004;14(11):628-638.
2. Lin H, et al. Science. 2008;320(5877):807-811.
3. Aharinejad S, et al. Cancer Res. 2004;64(15):5378-5384.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements about the timing of the announcement of the results of clinical trials for our proprietary and our partnered programs, the timing of the completion or initiation of further development of our wholly-owned and our partnered programs, including the timing of regulatory filings or approvals, expectations that events will occur that will result in greater value for Array, the potential for the results of ongoing preclinical and clinical trials to support regulatory approval or the marketing success of a drug candidate, our ability to partner our proprietary drug candidates for up-front fees, milestone and/or royalty payments, our future plans to progress and develop our proprietary programs, our future capital requirements and the plans of our collaborators to progress and develop programs we have licensed to them, and our plans to build a commercial-stage biopharmaceutical company. These statements involve significant risks and uncertainties, including those discussed in our most recent annual report filed on Form 10-K, in our quarterly reports filed on Form 10-Q, and in other reports filed by Array with the
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